Difference between PRT, TGT, and PGT in Teaching

PRT, TGT, and PGT refer to teaching titles of school teachers. PRT (Primary Teacher), TGT (Trained Graduate Teacher), and PGT (Post Graduate Teacher)….

Full-Form of PGT, TGT & PRT | Difference between PRT, TGT, and PGT Teacher

All the terms illustrated above are related to the field of teaching. Teaching is considered one of the most satisfying and noblest professions in India. It is one of the most popular choices among job-seeking youth in India. But becoming a teacher in India is not so simple now. One needs to clarify some special examinations and possess some pre-defined degrees to become a teacher. At the school level, there are many categories of teachers – PRT, TGT, and PGT. Let us know the full forms of all: –

  1. PRT (Primary Teacher)
  2. TGT (Trained Graduate Teacher)
  3. PGT (Post Graduate Teacher)

Let us discuss each one of them to know what the difference is between them.

prt tgt pgt full form source official portal

PRT (Primary Teacher): –

PRT is also known by the name of Elementary Teacher. These are the teachers qualified to teach students from classes 1 to 5. For becoming PRT, one must at least possess D.El.Ed (Diploma in Elementary Education). This diploma is for two years and can be pursued by various universities and institutes. One of the main institutes in India providing this Diploma is NIOS (National Institute of Open Schooling).

TGT (Trained Graduate Teacher): –

These are the teachers qualified to teach up to the 10th standard. For becoming TGT, B.Ed. is must. B.Ed. is also a two-year full bachelor’s degree level program comprising practical training. It is a full-time course, offered by various government, semi-government and private institutes. For pursuing this course, graduation in any one of the subjects that are are a must. Minimum marks in graduation are 50% to 55%.  There is no upper age limit for pursuing this course.

PGT (Post Graduate Teacher): –

Post Graduate Teachers are qualified to teach students up to class 12. The difference between a PGT and TGT is that to become a TGT one must possess only a graduate degree and then pursue B.Ed. To become a PGT, one must possess a post-graduate degree in some subject of their choice and then pursue B.Ed.

Once, a candidate has procured B.Ed. degree and fulfilled all the prerequisites of becoming a PGT, TGT, and PRT, he/she will be able to apply for a variety of eligibility examinations for the teachers such as –

  1. CTET (Conducted by CBSE)
  2. KVS (Conducted by Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan)
  3. NVS (Conducted by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti)
  4. DSSSB (Delhi Subordinate Services Selection Board)


What are PGT, TGT, and PRT?

PGT- Post Graduate Teacher, TGT – Trainee Graduate Teacher and PRT – Primary Teacher.

What is the qualification for PGT?

Post Graduate Degree in Education is a must.

another one, What is the difference between PGT, TGT, and PRT?

As the name suggests, PRT teachers are eligible to teach primary students. TGT are trained graduate teachers who are eligible to teach up to class 10, and PGT is the postgraduate teacher eligible to teach up to class 12. For PRT, one must be at least 12th pass and possess the minimum qualification of D.El.Ed. For TGT, the minimum qualification is graduation and B.Ed. For PGT, the minimum qualification is PG in education and post-graduate degree.

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